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Search Reference Works Reference

Includes dictionaries, encyclopedias, collections of quotations, and other works.


Bibliomania Reference Collection

Dictionaries, encyclopedias, and several reference books specifically related to literature including a biographical dictionary. (Not particularly user friendly.)

Provides brief profiles of a select list of primarily 18th and 19th century American authors; includes, biographical information from such works as A Dictionary of American Authors and Duyckinck's Cyclopedia, and links to e-texts available on the web.


In Memoriam: A Book Of Record

Brief biographical profiles of 19th century Americans excerpted from Prominent Men and Women of the Day, written and edited by Thomas W. Herringshaw and published in 1888.


Spartacus Educational Internet Encylopedia

This U.K. site offers brief explanatory essays on key figures, events, and topics related to such issues as the following: The Medieval World; Encyclopedia of British History: 1700-1900; Encyclopedia of the First World War ; American Civil War Slavery: 1750-1870; Railways:1780-1900; Investigating the Vietnam War; The Emancipation of Women Parliamentary Reform; The Textile Industry Child Labour: 1750-1900; The Trade Union Movement; Religion and Society.



Search E-Text Archives

Great Books Search Engine
The Little Search Engine that Could
within results


After registering by supplying your name, address, and e-mail address, you can use this free service to download texts as Adobe Acrobat files (pdf format). The collection includes an unpredictable but sometimes surprisingly useful assortment of books from past and present as well as contemporary magazines, journals, and newspapers. This will not provide all the answers to all your questions but can be a useful resource.


Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts

You can search for specific English, American (and philosophy) texts by author, title, or date. You can view texts, search them by word, and/or download the entire file to your own computer.


American Literature - American Literary Classics Library

A small collection of American classics from the 19th and early 20th centuries.


American Verse Project

A word-searchable poetry archive that makes it easy to locate even some fairly obscure poems as long as they are out of copyright. Great Books on-line

Bartleby has an impressive, if eclectic, collection of reference works and nonfiction, fiction, and verse largely from the final years of the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth. You can do a search or browse by author, title, or genre. Search for "Virginia Woolf," for example, and you will find a brief biography and on-line versions of the eight short stories published under the title, Monday and Tuesday. Do a keyword search for "beauty" in the verse collection and you will get 609 matches, with Yeats, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Rupert Brooks in the first ten.


Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE

Allows you to search across a variety of collections, including an Oral Histories Collection (with resources on suffragettes, the free speech movement, and other topics), an on-line Medieval and Classical Library, the Literature SunSite (offering primarily late nineteenth and early twentieth century American texts -- and Jane Austen), LIBWEB (an engine that locates the home pages of specific libraries or libraries in particular locations).



Choose "Read" to locate texts by genre and author. Choose "search" to locate texts which contain specific keywords.


A Celebration of Women Writers

A growing collection at the University of Pennsylvania browsable by title, name, or period. You can also contribute to an ongoing project by proofreading or contributing a chapter or book.


Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library Duke University

It is difficult to predict what, if anything, you will find if you search this site. You may find nothing for Thoreau except a mention of his name in a timeline, or you may find a typed page of a play by Faulkner and images from film versions of scripts he wrote. An interesting collection, but not the first place to look in most cases.


English Server

A collection of novels, short fiction, drama, poetry, and criticism primarily but not exclusively from the eighteenth, nineteenth and early twentieth century UK and America. (However, it does include, for example, works by Aeschylus and Chaucer) The collection is indexed by genre and author but is not word searchable. To do a key word search, use E-Server Org at the University of Washington, which also simultaneously searches through a number of other collections.


The Electronic Texts Collection, The University of Adelaide

A "great works" collection arranged by author that includes, for example, the Bible, Aristotle, Locke, Machiavelli, Mill, Montaigne, and Wolestonecraft, and Yeats.


The Humanities Text Initiative at the University of Michigan

An alphabetized list of e-texts available at the site. Includes a number of versions of the Bible, an e-text edition of the Koran, and the Book of Mormon, as well as a variety of traditional literary texts and resources from the medieval period to the present.


Hypertexts @ The University of Virginia

Although only listing a little more than fifty texts, UVA allows users to read books as text or to view the actual pages (including illustrations) as html files. The collection is also distinctive, because of the project's emphasis on three kinds of works: "Classic texts: Benchmark texts like DeTocqueville's Democracy in America, to which students of American Culture often refer; Lost Texts: Texts which were once powerful cultural objects or forces but which have been rendered invisible over time; Full Hypertexts: Texts which we have amplified, extended, or enriched by linking them to other materials (text, graphics, audio, and/or video) that either re-contextualize them -- place them back in the cultural context from which they originally rose -- or comment on them from a contemporary perspective." Consequently, you can visit this site to find Thornsten Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class, Lewis and Clark's Journals, D. H. Lawrence's Studies in Classic American Literature, and Henry Nash Smith's Virgin Land.


Internet Public Library on-line Texts Collection

The IPL on-line Texts Collection contains over 14,000 titles that can be browsed by author, by title, or by Dewey Decimal Classification. They can also be searched by author, title, dewey category, or keyword. (Broad collection not limited to literary and historical texts.)


JollyRoger.Com Great Books & Classics Library

An eclectic and somewhat limited collection, arranged alphabetically by author.


Learning Page of the Library of Congress: Search Guides (browse by topic) or Search All American Memory Collections (search by key word and/or by collection.)

Browse or key word search the remarkable collections of the Library of Congress collections and exhibitions.


Making of America Archive, Cornell and Making of America Archive, The University of Michigan

MOA is simply one of the best places to find books and magazines from the 19th and early 20th century. You can view either the digitized pages or a text transcription. NOTE: Be sure to do your search twice, one at Cornell and the other time at Michigan as the two collections have different resources. MOA resources can also be searched from the American Memory site at the Library of Congress.


The Master Works of Civilization

You can anticipate the texts you will and will not find at this site by considering the title of the collection. Arranged by date and then by author.


The Naked Word: Public Domain Texts

Primarily late nineteenth and early twentieth century works.


NetLibrary. Com

Set up an account and then read or download on-line books from a variey of sources including Project Gutenbergy and the University of Virginia digitization project.


The New York Public Library Digitized Collections

From this page you can move on to use specialized collections of texts or images, or you can search the catalogue of the New York Public Library. New projects are in progress; the most recent exhibit--Treasures of the American Performing Arts, 1875-1923--treats such topics as the American circus, opera, and ballroom dancing.


New York Times: First Chapters of Books on Fiction Best Seller List

Recent works. Links to reviews also provided.


New York Times: First Chapters of Books on Non-Fiction Best Seller List

Here you can find the opening chapters of a remarkable number of recent scholarly (and other) works; the linked reviews of those books can yield additional fodder for reading, research and thinking.


The On-Line Books Page, University of Pennsylvania

This is one of the best places to look for on-line texts. You can search or browse by author or title; you can also browse by subject.


The Oxford Text Archive

The OTA collects both English and American texts. Some texts are available to be downloaded; those texts are also searchable by word. Although a large number of additional texts are available, you must mail a printed request to gain permission to download.


Project Gutenberg

Instead of allowing you to read or link to a text available at another person's or institution's website, Gutenberg alllows you to download text or zip files of complete works that you have located by searching by author, title, or subject.


Representative Poetry on-line

Prepared by the Faculty of the University of Toronto, this site devoted to the poetry of England, America, and Canada allows you to browse indexes arranged by: last name of the poet; by title of the poem; by first line of the poem, timeline, or even days of the year. You can also search by keyword. Supplementary resources available at Representative Poetry on-line include a poetry calendar arranged by day, a glossary of poetic terms and forms; and verse and prose criticism of poetry (dating back as far as 1589).



Search Specialized Text Archives


19th Century Girls' Series

E-texts of books for young women as well as supplementary resources including biographical and bibliographical commentaries.


A Celebration of Women Writers

A growing collection at the University of Pennsylvania browsable by title, name, or period. You can also contribute to an ongoing project by proofreading or contributing a chapter or book.


African-American Women On-line Archival Collections, Special Collections Library of Duke University

A small but excellent collection of the memoirs and letters of four African-American women who spent their lives as slaves. The site offers digitized images and transcriptions of documents as well as commentaries and supplementary resources.


AmDocs: Documents for the Study of American History

This site is the work of two members of the University of Kansas faculty members who have gathered documents into chronological groupings beginning with the fifteenth century and ending (at this time) in the 1990's.


The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy

A sizeable and searchable archive of documents tracing America's history from 1635 to the present.



Use this site to read the first chapters of books by authors interviewed on C-Span's Booknotes and to find transcriptions of interviews.


Christian Classics Etherealized Library

If you are looking for works by St. Augustine, Finney's revival sermons, or an online Bible, look no further. Although the keyword search engine generates results that may be confusing, there are good indexes by author, title, and genre.


Digital Schomberg: African American Women Writers of the Nineteenth Century

The index allows you to browse by author, title, or genre. Once you have selected a category, you can also do keyword searches of these online texts.


Documenting the American South, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

This impressive collection is searchable and includes texts arranged in the following categories: "First-Person Narratives of the American South; Library of Southern Literature; North American Slave Narratives; The Southern Homefront, 1861-1865; and The Church in the Southern Black Community." It is also indexed by subject, author, and title.


Domestic Goddesses a.k.a. Scribbling Mobs of Women

"A moderated E-journal, devoted to women writers, beginning in the 19th century, who wrote domestic fiction." Includes biographies, bibliographies, and criticism on a select group of women authors.


Civil War Women

Letters, diaries, and documents of women from the Civil War era.

Emory Women Writers Resource Project

"The Emory Women Writers Resource Project is a collection of edited and unedited texts by women writing in English from the seventeenth century through the nineteenth century." Indexed by author; also word-searchable.


Ethnic Studies Historic Documents at USC

A small text and document archive on African-American, Native American, and Asian-American history.


Douglass Archives of American Public Address

Northwestern University's "electronic archive of American oratory and related documents" is searchable by keyword or phrase and also indexed by speaker, chronology, title, and issue.


Godey's Lady's Book, 1850's

Selected volumes of Godey's Lady's Book are available at this site both under the listing for Godey's and under the listing for Alice B. Neal Haven. You can use the form in the bottom frame to do key word searches. Also available at this site are Narrative of a Tour Through The State of Vermont FROM APRIL 27 TO JUNE 12 1789 by The Rev'd Nathan Perkins of Hartford, and selected issues of the University of Vermont History Review.


The History Place Great Speeches Collection


Nineteenth Century American Children and What They Read: A Selection of Works for Children from 1800 to 1872

The transcriptions of books and magazine articles for nineteenth century children available at this site allows readers to become familiar with the popular juvenile literature of that time. The editor, Pat Pflieger, has special expertise and interest in Robert Merry's Museum but is also very responsive to requests for transcriptions of specific texts by other authors. Flieger's Voices from 19th-Century America site offers an eclectic mix of texts including recipes, John Dunn Hunter's 1824 Memoirs of a Captivity Among the Indians of North America, and Bartlett's 1848 Dictionary of Americanisms.


The Transcendentalists

A searchable archive of transcendentalist texts.


The Valley of the Shadow Project

The authors describe the Valley of the Shadow as "a hypermedia archive of thousands of sources for the period before, during, and after the Civil War for Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania. Those sources include newspapers, letters, diaries, photographs, maps, church records, population census, agricultural census, and military records."


Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1820-1940

This website offers sets of documents arranged around signficiant topics, for example "Lucretia Mott's Reform Networks, 1840-1860," "African-American Women and the Chicago World's Fair, 1893," and "Pacifism vs. Patriotism in Women's Organizations in the 1920s." The resources were acquired from microfilms of the papers of such women’s reform organizations as the Women’s Trade Union League, the National Association of Colored Women, the National Consumers' League, Henry Street and Hull House settlements, the National Woman's Party, and the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. An extremely useful collection, intelligently arranged.


Writing Black

Keele University in the UK hosts this page devoted to literature written by and about African-Amerians.



Search Bibliographies and Other On-Line Resources


American Literature on the Web

A widely-respected collection of "links to sites on the Internet dealing with American literature and its social, cultural contexts. It includes homepages and documents on over 300 authors and electronic texts of their works." Maintained by Akihito Ishikaway, Professor of English at the Nagasaki College of Foreign Languages. "


The Archive: American Literature (at the University of Boulder)


The Crossroads Project American Studies Web

This voluminous listing is described as "the largest biliography of web-based resources in the field of American Studies," and it probably is. In order to find what you need here, begin by choosing a subject from the long list of categories; you will probably then be offered a listing of more specialized topics within that general subject. Once you have selected a focused topic, you will be presented with a substantial list of annotated links to sites featuring e-texts, biographical and bibliographical information, and other materials.


Search C-Span Booknotes Broadcasts and Transcripts

" Each week, C-SPAN's Booknotes offers an interview with the author of a new non-fiction book. You and your students can search the program transcripts and video." See sample searches at


Donna Campbell's American Literature Site, Gonzaga University

Among the remarkably useful resources available at this site are a Brief Timeline of American Literature; pages on American Authors ("Each author page contains a picture [if available], a bibliography [if available], links to major sites about the author, and links to works on-line"); an explanation of a variety of Literary Movements, and an American Literature Selected Bibliographies. In addition to covering well-known literary movements such as Transcendentalism, Realism, and Local Color writing, Campbell also covers such areas as "Meditation Tradition," "Sermon Structure, "Captivity Narratives" and "Travel Narratives."


The History Channel

Use the keyword search to find brief essays on issues, figures, and events in history; links to additional resources are also provided. This site can also be searched by period and features a timeline.


The History Place

This collection is generally thin but includes a few exhibits of interest, including an exhibit on the "Irish Famine" and another on Child Labor in America, 1908-1912 based on the Photographs of Lewis W. Hine.


Literary Resources on the Net

This collection of materials assembled by Jack Lynch from the Department of English of Rutgers, Newark, can be accessed by period or searched by keyword.


Longman Primary Resources On-Line

Longman Publishers developed this site to support those using their textbooks, but the resources are freely available for use by all students and scholars of American literature and history. In addition to using these resouces arranged in groupings that are simultaneously chronological and topical (for example, "American Antebellum Reform"), you can also use this site to find "visuals," "activities," and links.


The National Museum of American History (Smithsonian)

The link above takes you to the home page which includes a list of exhibits and resources. On the other hand, you can go directly to the Search Page.


Modern American Poetry

When the editors of the Oxford University Press completed their work on their Anthology of Modern American Poetry, they put together this supporting site that offers additional poems, information about historical contexts and source materials, criticism, and other supplementary materials. (For example, the page on Ginsberg includes pictures of all of his bookcovers.) As the editor, Cary Nelson, explains: The nature of each site depends on what makes sense for a particular author or group of authors. The Marianne Moore, Wallace Stevens, Robert Frost, and William Carlos Williams sites are so far largely devoted to readings of their poems, whereas the Kay Boyle, Angel Island, and Japanese American Concentration Camp sites are largely devoted to historical background."


Norton Websource to American Literature

This website designed as a supplement to the Norton American Literature texts offers timelines, brief biographies, author pages and annotated links as well as suggested topics for assignments. It provides the kind of basic background information that can provide a starting point for your thinking; because it has limited depth, it will rarely provide all of the material you need on a subject.


On-line Literary Criticism Section of the Internet Public Library. Also see their Literature Resources

"The IPL on-line Literary Criticism Collection contains 3936 critical and biographical websites about authors and their works that can be browsed by author, by title, or by nationality and literary period. "


PAL: Perspectives in American Literature--A Research and Reference Guide

The project of Paul P. Rueben, a member of the Department of English at the University of California, Stanislaus, PAL allows you to use a box on the home page to "search the 300 pages of this site by typing in key words: author names, literary periods, themes, topics, motifs, dates, places, and titles." Rueben offers reliable biographical profiles, analyses of periods, critical and bibliographical information, and links to related materials. This is an extremely valuable resource.


PBS Teacher Resources

Includes exhibits, documents, and even transcriptions of some programs. It is also searchable.


RefDesk.Com: Historical Information Resources

A long list of useful links that is rendered even more useful by the site search engine on the top right of the page. Be sure to distinguish between the site search engine on the top right and the web search engine on the left.


Voice of the Shuttle Search Page

The mission of the Voice of the Shuttle is "to provide a structured and briefly annotated guide to on-line resources that at once respects the established humanities disciplines in their professional organization and points toward the transformation of those disciplines as they interact with the sciences and social sciences and with new digital media....VoS emphasizes both primary and secondary (or theoretical) resources...." If you do a search, be sure to click on the linked "line number" to go to the recommended resource.


Voices from the Gaps

This site devoted to women writers of color offers online texts, biographical and bibliographical information, and links.



Search Libraries, Databases, and Journals
for Primary and Secondary Resources

American Antiquarian Society on-line Catalogue

"The library's collections document the life of America's people from the colonial era through the Civil War and Reconstruction. Collections include books, pamphlets, newspapers, periodicals, broadsides, manuscripts, music, children's literature, graphic arts, genealogy and local histories." Although the collections are not digitized, the extraordinary breadth of the library's holdings and the excellence of the cataloguing make it possible for a user to collect valuable information about the works published by an individual author or printer or the types of works published on a particular kind of topic. It is also useful for finding information on recent scholarship on topics related to American history, literature, and culture. To use the catalogue, log in as "guest" and the password "guest." For more information on the library, its programs and research fellowships, and instructions on how to use the catalogue, go to the AAS Homepage.


Assumption College Library Catalogue, on-line Databases, Internet Resources, or List of Services

Faculty, staff, and students at Assumption College can use these links , to locate books in the catalogue, to see whether specific books are currently on the shelves and available to be checked out, and to access databases of scholarly resources including the MLA index, First Search, EBSCO, and Wilson Web.


The Early America Review

"A Journal of Fact and Opinion On the People, Issues and Events Of 18th Century America"


The History Cooperative

This project which is the result of a collaboration between The American Historical Association and the Organization of American Historians along with the University of Illinois Press and the National Press allows you to search for--and retrieve--full text articles from a variety of scholarly journals. It also highlights special exhibits, including the Booker T. Washington Papers.


Library of Congress on-line Catalog


Link to C/WMARS Libraries (including Worcester Public Library, Clark College, Holy Cross, and the Library of Congress)


Project Muse Database

Assumption College faculty, staff, and students are licensed to use Project Muse, a subscription program that allows licensed users to search and read the full text of scholarly journals published by John Hopkins University. Among those publications are included the following: American Quarterly, Eighteenth Century Life, Eighteenth-Century Studies, The Emily Dickinson Journal, Henry James Review, Human Rights Quarterly, Journal of the History of Ideas, Journal of Democracy, Literature and Medicine, Modern Fiction Studies, Modernism/Modernity, New Literary History, Philosophy and Literature, Postmodern Culture, Reviews in American Literature, Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture, Studies in English Literature, and the Yale Journal of Criticism.



Search Recent Newspapers and Periodicals

The Archives of the New York Review of Books

"A complete searchable index of the magazine's contents from 1963 to the present." Also allows you to locate and order copies of articles published before 1963.


The Atlantic Monthly

"Use this page to search the archive of Atlantic Monthly articles that have appeared on this Web site, to browse back issues, and to explore collections of past Atlantic articles grouped by subject. From November, 1995, to the present, the archive is essentially complete (with the exception of a few articles, the on-line rights to which are held exclusively by the authors). From November, 1857, to November, 1995, only selected articles are available (although the number is increasing constantly)." If you would rather start with a page listing features from the present issue, go to Atlantic Unbound.


FindArticles. Com

This engine searches through a database of on-line resources from over 300 contemporary journals. You can use it to find book reviews, interviews, writing by contemporary authors, or comments on authors and texts of other periods. A quick search for material on "James Baldwin" yielded a piece written by Tony Morrison as well as articles from African-American Review, Commonweal, Ebony, Interview, and American Enterprise magazine. A search for "Mark Twain" turned up reviews of new editions of his books, reviews of plays and films based on his work, yet more arguments about whether Huck Finn should be taught, and selections from his work. Unexpectedly, this search also yielded an article in the British Medical Journal reprinting a column originally printed in that journal in 1899 reporting on Twain's experiences when he consulted a Christian Scientist (rather than a medical doctor) after "he fell over a cliff and 'broke some arms and legs and one thing and another.'"


The New York Times on the Web

Includes books reviews and author interviews dating to 1980. Usually the most useful way to use this site for academic purposes is to search directly for books and book reviews from the Books page. (You may need to sign-up as a reader before using the free book search service.)


The On-line Serials Collection and The On-line Newspaper Collection of the Internet Public Library

The eclectic nature of the serials collection makes it impossible to predict what, if anything, you will find when you use this collection. However, one virtue of the IPL serials collection is that it is possible to search 3,000 journals by simply typing a key word or phrase in the search box. The newspaper collection includes newspapers not only from all over the U.S. but also from all over the world. The searchbox does not seem to yield any results when you try a key term such as "election," but type in "London" and you will get links to on-line newspapers to New London, Connecticut and London, England. You will find search engines on many of the sites produced by individual papers, but so far there seems to be no way to search across publications.


S.T.G. Site Search

The Scholarly Technology Group works directly with academic projects designed to post scholarly resources on the web. This search engine provides access to the materials included in their projects. It is particularly useful for those wishing to locate materials on the Victorian period in British literature.



Search Bookstores

You will find that the search engines of major bookstore sites can help you to gather a considerable amount of useful information. If you know of a book that relates to your topic, you can find bibliographical information on the text, usually accompanied by brief reviews. However, you can also often find a list of the table of contents, recommendations about related sources, and sometimes even excerpts or the first chapter from the book.



You can use Amazon's extensive catalogue as a way of locating recent books on a particular subject, and you can use their subject indexes to explore ways of expanding your search. Use Amazon's Rare & Used Book Search Page to locate that are secondhand and/or out of print books.



Allows you to search simultaneously through the inventories of a number of stores; allow you to compare price and shipping costs.


Barnes and Noble

In addition to offering the usual assortment of new and used books, B&N allows you to search a network of rare book dealers and secondhand bookstores so that you can locate books that are out of print. It is even possible to put a book on your "wish list" and be notified when a copy becomes available.



Even if you don't wish to bid in an auction, you may still find it useful to use EBay as a research tool. By searching for titles by a particular author, you may have the opportunity to see pictures and descriptions of various editions of the same book. By using the title as a "key word or phrase" in your search, you may even find pictures of artifacts marketed in connection with the book. Sometimes you will come away from a "shopping" session with a new understanding of the significance that a text had within its culture. If you want to see how this can work, try searching for "Uncle Tom*"; you may be surprised by the results.



If you are trying to locate a reasonably priced copy of a new, used, or out-of-print book, you may want to try this site that serves as a meeting place for those who want to buy and sell books. If you search for a book by title, author, or keyword, you will be provided with a list of what is available, along with the price and description of the condition of each item.


My Simon Books/Movies/Music

Use this search engine to locate items and compare prices



Search for Art, Architecture, Graphics and Artifacts

Choose the right search engine by deciding what you hope to locate through your search. For example, if you are looking for a photograph, you may wish to use one of the image search engines provided by the major search services such as Alta Vista, Dogpile, or Hotbot. On the other hand, if you hope to find art, you can use one of the resources mentioned above or go directly to a large museum or art database.


Alta Vista: Image Search Page

Enter a word in the search box and this engine will provide you with a contact sheet of images related to that term that have been posted at other websites. You can choose if you wish to narrow your search to photos or graphics, color or black and white. Not all "hits" will necessarily meet your needs, but this is a fairly simple way to find a picture of an author or an image related to "slavery," for example. If you find an interesting image, click on "more info" to find out about the graphic and the site where it is located. Note that once you have done a search, just below the search box you will find a list of "recommended searches" that allow you to narrow or broaden your inquiry.


America in Caricature 1765-1865

This is a small, focused exhibit of political caricatures commenting on life in the Colony & Early Republic, 1765-1798; The War of 1812; and Abraham Lincoln, 1860-1865.



"The Fine Art Search Engine" that allows you to search artists by name, artworks by title, art Museums by name and/or place. You can also browse their database of 7,500+ artists arranged "by Movement (e.g. Pop Art, Impressionism) by Medium (e.g. sculptors, illustrators) by Subject (e.g. landscape painters) by Nationality." A special listing of women artists is included.


Cartoons of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

A project produced at Ohio University featuring cartoons on Theodore Roosevelt, Grover Cleveland, the Anti-Trust Movement, the Anti-Imperialist Movement, the 1900 Presidential Campaign. Samples of the cartoons published in Frank Beard's social-gospel magazine, The Ram's Horn, are also reproduced here.


A Digital Archive of American Architecture

A searchable image base that also offers an index arranged by period, building type, architectural style, and architect. The site also includes a substantial number of images of buildings that were part of expositions and fairs from 1876 on.


The CGFA Virtual Art Museum

Indexed by artist, period, and nationality; it is also possible to do a key word search via the mirror site in Oregon.


Concordance of Images from the Library of Congress Rare Books and Manuscripts Division

Although a small and highly specialized collection of graphics, this "concordance" offers a look at the handwritten and printed text as physical artifact and part of material culture.



If you want to search for images of a particular person or related to a particular topic, use Dogpile's search engine and select "images" rather than "web" as the focus of your search. (You can also choose to search for audio files.)


FAMSF Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco

An amazing tool, the ImageBase is a searchable image and text database of objects from the collections of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. If you are searching for images be sure to use the form for "The Thinker" at the bottom of the page rather than the "Quick Search" you see in the left hand column. Also note that after you have received thumbnails of your "hits," you can choose "zoom" to see a larger version of the image. Keep clicking on the image itself if you want to increase the size further. Use the Advanced Search option if you want to search by any combination of keyword, artist, country and/or period. For example, a search for "slave" in the period "19th century" yields eight images.


Fast Multimedia Search

Assists you in locating images and sounds for your webpages.



Berkley's page of serach engines makes it possible to access a variety of collections including archives of architectural drawings and specialized photograph collections.


Lycos Multimedia Search


The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Search for paintings related to your interests. 


The National Gallery of Art


The New York Public Library Digitized Image Collection

At the present time, this site offers photographs only on the following topics: Small-Town America- Stereoscopic views from the Robert Dennis Collection; Images of African Americans from the 19th Century; Berenice Abbott: Changing New York, 1935-1938; Lewis Wickes Hine: Construction of the Empire State Building, 1930 - 1931; and Lewis Wickes Hine: Work Portraits, 1920 - 1939. However, this is wonderful treasury if your interests coincide with one of these subjects.


New Yorker Cartoon Bank

You can search for cartoons by keyword or artist and then e-mail the images for free or see what it costs to license them for use in a presentation or on a website. This may not prove highly useful for your research but is an excellent place to take a break.


Go.Com Search

Toggle the appropriate buttons if you wish to search specifically for images, or for video and audio files.


Political Cartoons and Cartoonists and also History of the 19th Century in Political Cartoons

An excellent site by Jim Zwick.


Smithsonian American Art Museum's Digitized Collections


Search Smithsonian on-line's Digitized Images of Art and Artifacts.

"Over the past few years the Smithsonian has been digitizing its catalogues and has been appending images to these records. The On-Line Collections site is the portal through which these collections will ultimately be accessed. You will be able to use the portal site to search for topics or collections across the museums, allowing the user to locate and browse the Smithsonian’s treasures." Searchable by text, artist/maker, department, and/or date.


The Tigertail Virtual Museum

This "virtual" collection brings together digital images of art and artifacts representing all peoples and all places throughout human history. The American Collection can be browsed by period. An index of artists is also provided.


Valley of the Shadow Civil War Era Maps and Images

Maps and images from Franklin Country, Pennsylvania, and Augusta County, Georgia. The section devoted to maps and images from the "Eve of the War Archive" includes such items as pictures of quilts and illustrations from Harpers of a tour through Virginia. The Image Database from the "War Years Archive" contains over 700 photographs and magazine illustrations documenting the Civil War and can be searched by battle, subject, name of soldier or person, and source of graphic (for example, Harpers). Images from the aftermath of the war will be appearing in the coming months.


The Worcester Art Museum on the Web

In addition to offering limited but significant access to its online gallery of general collections, the WAM site now features an excellent digital guide to its Early American Paintings Collection that includes "biographies of twenty artists, detailed entries on fifty-three paintings, and checklist information on twenty-four additional works" as well as a very helpful timeline.


World Wide Arts Resources

An engine that searches across the sites of museums, galleries, art historians, and artists to locate resources related to the title, name, or keyword you type in the search box.


The E Pluribus Unum Project is funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and directed by Dr. John McClymer, Department of History, and Dr. Lucia Knoles, Department of English, Assumption College. Visitors are encouraged to send inquiries or suggestions.