BUILDINGS

IN THE

1850s

 

Below are pictures of typical houses, churches, factories, banks and oration halls. These houses, ranging from cottages to mansions, are examples of what may have been found in a prosperous 1850's city. The churches are also typical styles from the same period. Factories were also a major facet in the 1850's city, which may have resembled these several selected photos. Notice an emphasis on the size and location of each factory indicating its importance to the community. Banks and oration halls were also common landmarks in 1850's America.

 HOUSES   CHURCHES

FACTORIES
BANK  ORATION HALL

 

HOUSES:

 270 PARK AVE. (was called corner of Pleasant St. & Newton St.)
BUILT 1855

COURTESY OF WORCESTER HISTORICAL MUSEUM

JOHN BROOKS HOUSE
12 Nelson Place
BUILT 1850

(Knowlton 146)

CHARLES MILES HOUSE
131 Lincoln Street
BUILT 1850

(Knowlton 151)

BENTLEY-JACKSON COTTAGE
9 Earle Street
BUILT 1850

(Knowlton 156)




 

"LARCHMONT"
36 Butler Street
BUILT 1858

(Knowlton 161)

 
HENRY GOULDING MANSION
26 Harvard Street
BUILT 1850

(Knowlton 167)

CHURCHES:


VIEW OF 2ND BAPTIST CHURCH
25 PLEASANT ST.
OCCUPIED 1844-1889

COURTESY OF
WORCESTER HISTORICAL MUSEUM

VIEW OF 2ND BAPTIST CHURCH
SUMMER ST.
BUILT IN 1854

COURTESY OF
WORCESTER SUNDAY TELERAM
NOV. 16, 1969.


FACTORIES:


WASHBURN & MOEN MANUFACTURING CO.
ESTABLISHED 1831
*Although established in 1831, Washburn & Moen added additions to their factory in the 1850s.

THE JUNCTION SHOP MANUFACTURING DISTRICT
BUILT 1851

(Knowlton 108)

THE ADRIATIC MILL
3-35 Armory Street
BUILT 1854

(Knowlton 112)

BANK:

WORCESTER BANK BUILDING
on Foster Street
BUILT 1851

(McCLARY TYMESON 39)

WORCESTER MECHANICS SAVINGS BANK ADVERTISEMENT, 1854

 

ORATION HALL:

Built in 1854 on the site of the Waldo Mansion, Mechanics Hall paid tribute to the best leading orators of the day. People would flock to Mechanics Hall in droves to hear current issues debated by orators such as John B. Gough and Rufus Choate. Later leading American politicians, such as President McKinley, ex-Vice President Stevenson, Hon. James R. Garfield, President Taft, President Roosevelt, and President Woodrow Wilson would lecture at Mechanics Hall.


INTERIOR OF MECHANICS HALL

EXTERIOR OF MECHANICS HALL.

 

RESOURCES UTILIZED:

CITY OF WORCESTER. CITY DIRECTORY, 1854.

KNOWLTON, ELLIOTT B. ed., WORCESTER'S BEST: A GUIDE TO THE CITY'S ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE. WORCESTER HERITAE PRESERVATION SOCIETY, 1984.

McCLARY TYMESON, MILDRED. WORCESTER BANKBOOK: FROM COUNTRY BARTER TO COUNTY BANK, 1804-1966. WORCESTER: WORCESTER COUNTY NATIONAL BANK, 1966.

WORCESTER HISTORICAL MUSEUM

WORCESTER SUNDAY TELEGRAM. NOV. 16, 1969.

 

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